Studies in all countries of the world show: depression, like cardiovascular diseases, is becoming the most common ailment of our time. It is a common disorder that affects millions of people. According to different researchers, up to 20% of the population of developed countries suffers from it. Depression is a serious illness that dramatically reduces the ability to work and brings suffering to the patient and family. Unfortunately, people are very little aware of the typical manifestations and consequences of depression and about anxiety, so many patients are assisted when the condition takes a long and difficult character.
What are the main causes of depression?
There are a number of factors that can increase the appearance of depression , such as:
-Cruel treatment. Physical, sexual or emotional abuse in the past may increase vulnerability to depression in the present and future.
-Some medicines. Some drugs, such as Isotretinoin (used to treat acne), an antiviral means, and corticosteroids or muscle relaxant like over the counter Flexeril can increase the risk of depression. For example treatment of endogenous depressions can be carried out by a combination of Xanax anxiety pills and antidepressants. But in patients with depression, this drug can cause the development of manic and hypomanic state.
-Conflicts. Depression can occur in someone who has a biological vulnerability to its development, can arise as a result of personal conflicts or disputes with family members or friends.
-Death or loss. Sadness or sorrow due to death or loss of a loved one, similarly, may increase the risk of depression.
-Genetics. Family history can increase the risk of depression.
-Significant events. Even good events, such as a new job, graduation or getting married, can lead to disorder. Also moving, loss of work or income, divorce will provoke it.
-Severe diseases. Sometimes depression coexists with a major disease or can be caused by another disease.
-Abuse of narcotic substances. Almost 30% of people with abuse problems also have severe clinical depression.
Typical signs of depression
The manifestations of depression are very diverse and vary depending on the form of the disease. We list the most typical symptoms of depression and anxiety:
-emotional manifestations: depressed mood, despair, anxiety, a feeling of inner tension, anticipation of trouble, irritability, dissatisfaction with yourself, a decrease in self-confidence, a decrease in self-esteem, decrease or loss of ability to experience pleasure, decreased interest in the environment, loss of ability to experience any feelings;
-physiological manifestations: sleep disturbances (insomnia, drowsiness), changes in appetite, impaired bowel function, decreased sexual needs, reduced energy, increased fatigue in normal physical and mental loads, weakness, pain and various unpleasant sensations in the body;
-behavioral manifestations: passivity, alcohol and substance abuse that provide temporary relief;
-thoughtful manifestations: difficulty concentrating, difficulties in making decisions, the prevalence of gloomy, negative thoughts about yourself, about your life, about the world as a whole, thoughts of suicide (in severe cases of depression).
Depression in children
Depression in adolescents and children is not just a bad mood, it is a serious emotional disorder that affects the development of a child, his or her well-being, and the quality of life. On average, depression occurs in 2% of children and 5% of adolescents. The manifestations of depression in a child differ significantly from the symptoms of the disease in an adult, very often the disorder is not diagnosed in a timely manner. Many parents see that something is going on with a child or a teenager, but they do not even suspect that this is depression. How, then, to suspect the presence of depression in a child, what symptoms will help in this? The most common symptoms of depression in children and adolescents are:
-loss of interest in life and the ability to receive mood, gloominess, irritability;
-change in appetite
-lethargy, loss of energy;
-decline in academic performance, poor attitude towards school;
-aggression, uncharacteristic earlier;
-isolation, reluctance to communicate with friends, peers;
-a sense of inferiority, worthlessness, or guilt;
-suicidal thoughts or attempts.
Depression should be treated
Depression is often perceived by the patient as a manifestation of a bad temper, laziness and selfishness, debauchery or natural pessimism. How to help people with depression? It should be remembered that depression is not just a bad mood (see the manifestations above), but a disease that requires specialist intervention and is sufficiently treatable. The sooner the correct diagnosis is made and the right treatment is started, the more chances for a quick recovery, the fact that the depression will not happen again and will not take a severe form.
What are the main groups of medicinal means help for depression?
To cure depression, the therapist can prescribe best medication for anxiety and depression, psychotherapy, or combine therapies. Treating depression can take time to find a combination that will work just with you. The treatment decisions will be determined according to your specific case, depending on the causes and symptoms of depression:
-antidepressants Prozac, Celexa, Wellbutrin SR, Paxil, etc. – medicines of this group are considered as “the gold standard” of treatment of a depression;
-anxiolytics Ativan, Xanax generic and others anti anxiety over the counter – influence on the centers of brain cortex, reducing excitability of nervous system and such symptoms as uneasiness, irritability, aggression, fear and so disappear further;
-neuroleptics – are appointed only at the heavy depressive frustration which are followed the expressed aggression, suicide intentions, hallucinations.
However taking the preparations you should definitely know about depression medication side effects, interactions and contraindications. Before treatment patients may learn more information about antidepressants, anxiolytics and it is necessary to know if you already take other medicaments for example antibiotics Amoxicillin, Tetracycline or muscle relaxants Flexeril uses, Soma, and etc. Exercise, refusing to use drugs and alcohol, eating healthy food, the right routine can help keep depression under control.